”For the whole grade’s common good and based on the student’s own current situation”: differentiated teaching and the choice of methods among Finnish teachers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The purpose of this research was to study how teachers do differentiated teaching in practice. The main research question was: How do Finnish teachers do differentiated teaching? It was specified with sub-questions: (1) How are the various elements of the model of differentiated teaching emphasized by teachers?; (2) Which methods do teachers use in differentiated teaching?; and (3) On what basis do teachers make decisions of differentiated teaching? The data were collected from teachers (N = 40) working in municipalities across Finland with a survey that was based on a model of differentiated teaching (a so-called five-O model by Roiha and Polso). All dimensions of differentiated teaching were highlighted by teachers. Teachers implemented differentiated teaching mainly based on students’ needs. It was worrying that lack of resources appeared in teachers’ answers consistently within the elements of differentiated teaching. The findings are usable in the international discussion about differentiated teaching and its implementation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly child development and care
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jan 2019
MoEC publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed