Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

  • Isla H. Myers-Smith
  • Jeffrey T. Kerby
  • Gareth K. Phoenix
  • Jarle W. Bjerke
  • Howard E. Epstein
  • Jakob J. Assmann
  • Christian John
  • Laia Andreu-Hayles
  • Sandra Angers-Blondin
  • Pieter S. A. Beck
  • Logan T. Berner
  • Uma S. Bhatt
  • Anne D. Bjorkman
  • Daan Blok
  • Anders Bryn
  • Casper T. Christiansen
  • J. Hans C. Cornelissen
  • Andrew M. Cunliffe
  • Sarah C. Elmendorf
  • Scott J Goetz
  • Robert D. Hollister
  • Rogier de Jong
  • Michael M. Loranty
  • Marc Macias-Fauria
  • Kadmiel Maseyk
  • Signe Normand
  • Johan Olofsson
  • Thomas C. Parker
  • Frans-Jan W. Parmentier
  • Eric S. Post
  • Gabriela Schaepman-Strub
  • Frode Stordal
  • Patrick F. Sullivan
  • Haydn J.D. Thomas
  • Hans Tømmervik
  • Rachael Treharne
  • Craig E. Tweedie
  • Donald A. Walker
  • Martin Wilmking
  • Sonja Wipf

Abstract

As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to global climate change. However, a consensus is emerging that the underlying causes and future dynamics of so-called Arctic greening and browning trends are more complex, variable and inherently scale-dependent than previously thought. Here we summarize the complexities of observing and interpreting high-latitude greening to identify priorities for future research. Incorporating satellite and proximal remote sensing with in-situ data, while accounting for uncertainties and scale issues, will advance the study of past, present and future Arctic vegetation change.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-117
JournalNATURE CLIMATE CHANGE
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020
MoEC publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal